Environment

Environment

Environmental Issues facing everyone:

Climate change is the greatest environmental challenge facing the world today. Rising global temperatures will bring changes in weather patterns, rising sea levels and increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events. The effects will be felt internationally and there may be severe problems for people in regions that are particularly vulnerable to change.

Climate change presents a significant challenge to the international community. There are also enormous opportunities if we are willing to take action.

Greenhouse Effect

Some of the energy from the sun is trapped inside our atmosphere as it is reflected back from the earth towards space. This natural process is called the greenhouse effect due to the atmosphere acting like the glass walls of a greenhouse; it allows the sun's rays to enter but keeps the heat in.

The gases which make this happen ‘greenhouse gases’ are mainly water vapor and carbon dioxide. As humans emit more carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere the greenhouse effect becomes stronger. This causes the earth's climate to change unnaturally.

Climate change is one of the most serious environmental threats facing the world today. Its impact will be felt across the world, as sea levels rise threatens the existence of some small island states and puts millions of people at risk. Temperature increases, drought and flooding will affect people's health and way of life, and cause the irreversible loss of many species of plants and animals.

Key Impacts

We need to try to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, there will be experience of climate change which is likely to have effects on the world’s environment, economy and society including:

  • Rising sea levels
  • Flooding in poor countries
  • Food shortage and disease
  • Severe water shortages
  • Loss of tropical forests
Recycling of Waste

Definitions: "waste" is "...any substance or object…which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard."

“Recycle” is “…to pass through a cycle again; repeat a process from the beginning, or to undergo reuse or renewal.”

Contributing to climate change is waste, each year we generate about 100 million tonnes of waste from households, commerce and industry combined. Unfortunately most of this ends in landfill where methane is generated, a powerful greenhouse gas.

Taking action on waste is essential, since we are consuming natural resources at an unsustainable rate and contributing unnecessarily to climate change.

Recycling of plastics, glass, tin, aluminium, paper/card and other materials can be easy, it just takes a little extra thought and time.